Thursday, April 17, 2014

When animals attack - Comparing dog and shark attacks in NSW

What prompted this post is that about 4:30-45pm yesterday 16th April 2014 my partner was out walking with our 6 month old baby daughter in a pram in our local neighbourhood when she was attacked unprovoked by surprise from behind by a small dog biting her on the leg. This dog, breed currently unidentified, injured my partners lower leg with bruising and a puncture wound drawing blood. As well as my natural protective instincts kicking in to provide comfort for the obvious shock and upset caused by this event I also immediately collected my girls in our car to take them to a local after hours Dr surgery to have the wound treated and antibiotics prescribed.

A number of questions run through our minds:
  • What if it was our baby that was attacked? 
  • Anger at the animal and its owners.
  • What are you supposed to do to report this incident and prevent it from reoccurring?
While it made me so angry I could have exterminated the beast myself right then and there, the council Ranger just called and he will be going around to issue and infringement notice and fine this afternoon. By all accounts the owners were regretful and civil in their dealings with my partner.

Thankfully this was a small dog and it went for my partner not the baby. This was also the 4th dog encounter my partner has had with dogs in our local neighbourhood (human habitat) in about 3 weeks. I have some questions:
  • In our urban environment (human habitat) is it reasonable expect dogs to be kept under control? 
  • Should this dog be destroyed for its behaviour?
  • Should I feel sympathy for this animal and its owners?
  • What, if any, should be the penalty for the owners who have ultimate responsibility?
  • In the ocean (shark habitat) would you call for the shark to be culled? 
  • An probably most important is, is it safe for us or our child to walk the neighbourhood?
I don't blame the dogs or the sharks for the lack of safety, if anyone is to blame, its the irresponsible people. If you think I'm over reacting do a Google image search for "dog attack victims" and be prepared for confronting images. Then do a search on news stories and read the endless accounts of people being attacked just going about their daily business. We call for the culling of one kind animal that occasionally attacks humans while nurturing another that is proven time and again to regularly and unpredictably attack humans. Is this a civilised society? It doesn't need to be fatal. It doesn't need to be a pitbull. Beyond a doubt, shark can kill and do serious damage, and I feel for anyone who has survived. However, we don't have to put up with them roaming uncontrolled on our suburban streets. 

Below I've collated a bit of information to try and provide some perspective in regard to the actions of animals under the control of humans versus in the wild. I know there are packs of wild dogs out there but I've never had an encounter with one. At the same time, I've seen sharks while partaking in water activities but I've only had close encounters with them while spearfishing as a teenager on the Great Barrier Reef. What are we prepared to accept as companion animal behaviour in our habitat versus animals in their natural habitat? Some things to think about:

In NSW in 2012 there were 5 shark attacks on humans reported injuring 3. In the same year the were 3,323 dog attacks on humans, 767 of those required medical treatment and 146 people were hospitalised. 75% of dogs were not under control and 62% occurred in a public place. Neither caused fatalities in NSW that year, however both have been known to, especially the very young and old.

In total there have been less than half the number shark attacks reported in Australia since records began in 1791 than dog attacks reported in a single year 2011/2012 reporting period in NSW.

References

Mangement of bite injuries - http://www.australianprescriber.com/magazine/29/1/6/8

Shark attacks in Australia: a timeline - http://www.australiangeographic.com.au/topics/science-environment/2014/01/shark-attacks-in-australia-a-timeline/

Australian Shark Attack File - Annual Australian Shark Attack Report Summary - 2012 -http://taronga.org.au/animals-conservation/conservation-science/australian-shark-attack-file/annual-australian-shark-attack-report-summary-2012

Dog attack reporting - http://www.dlg.nsw.gov.au/dlg/dlghome/dlg_generalindex.asp?sectionid=1&areaindex=DAIDATA&documenttype=8&mi=9&ml=10

NSW Dog Attacks 2011/2012 - http://www.dlg.nsw.gov.au/dlg/dlghome/documents/Information/Council%20Reports%20of%20Dog%20Attacks%20in%20NSW%202011-12.pdf

Wednesday, April 9, 2014

What is Coal Seam Gas (CSG) and is there a demand for it on the Northern Rivers?

Is it hypocritical to protest against Coals Seam Gas (CSG) mining while being a consumer of gas and does being a gas consumer mean that there is local demand for CSG/LNG on the Northern Rivers? According to those arguing for CSG you are and it does. However, the reality is not so clear cut.

Photo by Alex Moffat-Clarke

1. It is a common misconception that LNG (natural gas) from CSG and LPG are the same. They aren’t.
  • Both LPG and LNG are produced as a by product from the existing conventional oil and gas extraction methods and refining processes. These are also in plentiful supply in Australia. At least  there was until contracts were signed to supply phenomenal quantities of gas to the international LNG market. 
Northern Rivers gas supplier Elgas defines the difference between CSG/LNG vs LPG here https://www.elgas.com.au/blog/561-lpg-is-not-coal-seam-gas-csg

2. It is also a common misconception that there is an existing local demand for CSG/LNG natural gas in the Northern Rivers. There isn’t.
  • As Elgas points out currently bottled gas supplied in the Northern Rivers and most of regional NSW is LPG gas. There is not LNG pipeline infrastructure.
  • CSG/LNG is not compatible with existing LPG systems and infrastructure. 
  • You can’t burn LNG in your LPG heater, water heater, BBQ, camp stove or car. 
 For more about the distinction between LNG, LPG etc http://www.cleanenergyfuels.com.au/ 

Here's what the locals think

thanks to CSGFree Northern Rivers

 I hope this helps.

Thursday, January 23, 2014

Forgot to post this vid I shot and edited last year of The Voice Australia Musical Director Scott Aplin for SCU. Enjoy!

Thursday, September 5, 2013

The biggest economic douche in Australia's history

Scrutiny? Lets compare our old mate "sweaty" Joe and his Liberal and Labor pals with the Greens on the Parliamentary Budget Office (PBO) the independent agency that was setup for precisely this purpose.

Greens http://ow.ly/ozV05
Coalition http://ow.ly/ozV24
ALP http://ow.ly/ozV1r

According to journalist Greg Jericho http://www.theguardian.com/business/grogonomics "the Greens approach to parliamentary budget costings should be the benchmark by which all parties in future elections are judged." and "All up, the Greens have sent 74 policies to be costed by the PBO since 14 August."
http://www.theguardian.com/business/grogonomics/2013/sep/05/greens-credit-upfront-costings
 
2 days out from the election and who is looking like the biggest economical douche? Could be the source of all that moisture?
http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/federal-election-2013/gamble-on-playing-budget-office-politics-may-return-to-bite-20130901-2syv0.html

Friday, August 30, 2013

Keyword loading URLs and search ranking - an SEO case study

In the last couple of months we have rolled out some SEO (Search Engine Optimisation) changes across key sub-sites. Our goal being improving the ranking of these sites in Google search results based on keyword searches. Below is the benchmark and current search ranking performance on Google for the School of Environment, Science and Engineering site at Southern Cross University for comparison before and after URL change results.


Back in June 2013 I did some benchmark testing on Google by searching with the following keyword term "environmental science engineering" which served up the following top 3 results:
  1. Griffith University http://www.griffith.edu.au/science-environment-engineering-technology
  2. Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_engineering
  3. SCU http://www.scu.edu.au/schools/esm/.
So in this case our SCU website was coming up in 3rd place in the search results. In my analysis, I noticed that Griffith aren't utilising the Description or Keywords metadata fields which we are. All other SEO aspects are reasonably even. This lead me to assume that their advantage is the use keywords in the URL and probably more overall visitor traffic. I concluded that making a similar change to our URL should make us more competitive and improve our ranking. 

In July 2013 we proceeded to make the following changes to our site loading keywords in the the URL.


Of course this transition had to be carefully managed to make sure that all current shortlinks and redirects we diverted to the new URL, that all pages had new redirects placed to catch traffic and send it to the new page locations and that sitemap.xml files were updated and re submitted. We also carried this same process out with our other School sites.

Fast forward to the end of August 2013. Now when searching on Google for the terms "environmental science engineering" we get the following top three results:
  1. Griffith University http://www.griffith.edu.au/science-environment-engineering-technology
  2. SCU http://www.scu.edu.au/schools/esm/.
  3. Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_engineering
So climbing one position in one month is encouraging and demonstrating that the experiment was successful. Of course it will be interesting to compare other likely keyword combinations that prospective students are likely to use and measure their success.

Looking at visits to this School home page in Google Analytics we can see that for June the site was received 222 visits, fairly typical in the months leading up to the changes, while in August it has already received 380 visits, an increase of 158 visits or 67%.

Other before and after data:

June
Pages/Visit 5.63
Average Visit Duration 13:38
% New Visits 33%
Bounce Rate 27.48%

August
Pages/Visit 5.74
Average Visit Duration 10:26
% New Visits 32.37%
Bounce Rate 22.63%

At this point our strategy has helped the site climb one place in the ranking to second for that particular site and increase overall visits by 67%. Other improvements are a reduced bounce rate meaning that visitors are of a higher quality.

In comparing our page to Griffith Uni's there are some more SEO improvements we can make Eg. making in content keywords links to course or discipline pages, though I believe our main obstacle in gaining number 1 ranking is going to be traffic. Traffic is a very powerful metric in SEO ranking and I have the feeling that Griffith Uni is probably getting a lot more traffic to their page at this point. However, the increase that we are already seeing could build up over time and, with a few additional SEO tweaks, eventually give us the edge. 

Other factors that my benefit our site could include targeted digital campaigns to drive more traffic from other website sources that Google.

Conclusion, while not gaining that coveted number 1 ranking at this stage, this exercise resulted in significant improvements.

Thursday, May 9, 2013

Raising the Fun Tax


Have you heard of the term the "Fun Tax"? Why is it the people who drink, smoke and gamble the most, pub people, also complain the loudest about paying tax when in all likelihood they are probably paying more because of their personal lifestyle choices. Why would anyone choose to pay more tax?

What is this "Fun Tax"? Its a general term that refers to the taxes on tobacco, alcohol and gambling (currently not affecting the average Australian). These taxes introduced by previous governments have been increased by current Australian government in order to raise more revenue and fund campaigns to reduce smoking and alcohol participation for health reasons are being described as "draconian", "unfair" and impacting on "our freedom of choice". Are they?

Its no secret that this mix of tax are major sources of revenue for governments in this country, but how does this revenue generated compare to the actual cost in addressing the associated long term health and social problems caused by these "fun" lifestyle choices.

Looking at alcohol it’s estimated that in 2010 the Commonwealth raised $7.075 billion in from alcohol taxes, excise and GST revenue. In comparison researchers  at Griffith University discovered that the total cost to society from alcohol related problems was estimated at $14,352 billion. It doesn't take a degree in economics to realise the cost is more than double that raised in tax. Are you shocked? There's more.

Tobacco in Australia is the number one cause of preventable death and disease causing 12% of the national disease burden, up to 20% in Indigenous communities, while costing society $31 billion a year in health and social costs. This is 4 times the tax raised from tobacco products. Are you more shocked? There's still more.

The other point to make about tobacco and alcohol is that these are seriously harmful substances not unlike class A drugs. While these two are technically “legal” in a regulated way, less harmful products are restricted and will attract a fine and even a jail sentence for even small quantities. Tobacco and alcohol are also the number 1 and 2 respectively major causes of cancer in Australia. The only reasonable justification for their continued place in the market place is their revenue raising potential. It would appear however after doing the sums that the revenue raised goes nowhere near covering the harm that they cause to individuals, families and society as a whole.

In 2012 cancer was estimated to account for 19% of the total disease burden in Australia. Both Alcohol and tobacco make up a significant portion of this statistic. Smoking alone is estimated to cause one in nine cancers, and one in five cancer deaths.

As yet the cost of supporting problem gamblers through counseling and other harm minimisation programs has not been identified due to the nature of reporting in the health industry. Unlike alcohol and tobacco, gambling is not directly taxed at the consumer end. Therefore whatever health cost there are incurring, currently there is no way of comparing to revenue raised. Based on the anecdotal evidence of the number of people seeking help to deal with gambling and associated problems, we can easily see that there must be substantial costs involved. Even more shocked?

So even though the consumers of tobacco, alcohol and gambling are likely paying more tax than the rest of us as a direct result of participating in these activities, the rest of us are significantly compensating them in order for them to receive health treatment and support as a direct result of their lifestyle choices. Who really should be complaining about the "Fun Tax"? And why isn't it higher?

Surely there are better causes that require are hard earned taxes in the community than on the self obsessed narcissists that are bleeding the system of $50-60 billion, in the vicinity of the total cost of the Governments NBN policy, EVERY SINGLE YEAR?

To top it off, some political leaders actually gauge the potential success of their policies by running them by these same people in what they call the "Pub Test". Not satisfied in being heavily subsidised, pub people get a greater share of say in how this country is run. Like there is some kind of social collective wisdom that comes from a schooner that is in some way superior.

So next time you see someone you know who has just cast a bet, ordered a schooner and is heading to the beer garden for a smoke, asks them "Are we having "fun" yet?"

References

Cost of Alcohol Misuse Double Govt Revenue

Tobacco is Australia's Number One cause of preventable death and disease


Cancer in Australia statistics

What causes cancer

Friday, January 18, 2013

Merging Two Accounts on Twitter

We have an interesting situation with an old Twitter handle @SCUniversity that's only purpose was to tweet posts from Facebook. Now we want to disconnect this facebook feature, consolidate the @SCUniversity account with our @SCUonline account, which is used for posting tweets related to our media releases and maintain our 1000 approx followers from both accounts.

I've researched the Twitter support documentation relating to changing @SCUonline to @SCUniversity. I've successfully tested the proposed solution below using two accounts setup expressly for this purpose. I can confirm that changing the username of @SCUonline to @SCUniversity will not affect followers of @SCUonline.

Solution Strategy Steps:

  1. Get access to @SCUniversity account.
  2. Set date for transition. 
  3. Tweet alert message to followers of @SCUniversity and @SCUonline about what is going to happen well in advance of and in lead up to transition date. 
  4. On transition date change the username account @SCUniveristy to @SCUniversityOld. Change @SCUonline to become @SCUniversity. 
  5.  Followup with alert tweets from @SCUonline. 
  6.  Final alert tweet to @SCUniversityOld before deactivation of account. 
  7.  Deactivate @SCUniversityOld. 
  8. Continue tweeting from @SCUniversity as if it is @SCUonline (which technically it still is). 

Anyhow, I'll see how it goes and report back. I hope this helps you if you find yourself in the same situation.

 Notes from Twitter documentation

 Deleting an account
"If you want to use this account's username or email address on another Twitter account, change it before you deactivate. Until the user data is permanently deleted, that information won't be available for use."
https://twitter.com/pw_rst/e/138319883/gcLT7IJmzsfojxm_gILCftaAKUQ%3D-1358474895-user/1

 How to Change your Username
"NOTE: Changing your username will not affect your existing followers, direct messages, or @replies. Your followers will simply see a new username next to your profile photo when you update. We suggest you alert your followers before you change your username so they can direct @replies or direct messages to your new username."
https://support.twitter.com/articles/14609-how-to-change-your-username

 Merging Twitter Accounts
"There is currently no way to manage multiple Twitter profiles from a single account or merge multiple accounts into one."
 https://support.twitter.com/articles/20169956-how-to-manage-multiple-twitter-accounts